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Basics of Seismic Wave Theory
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Basics of Seismic Wave Theory
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File Type :PDF
Number of Pages :154

Description
These are the notes for the 5-day course ”Basics of Seismic Wave Theory” presented at Capetown University in April, 2007. They are intended as a supplement to the lectures and provide the advanced undergraduate and 1st-year graduate student with a basic understanding of seismic wave theory. The applications are for both earthquake and exploration seismology, but the emphasis is on exploration geophysics. The lectures begin with an overview of seismology with applications to both earthquake studies and exploration geophysics. This is followed by discussions of the physics of acoustic and elastic wave propagation. Topics to be covered include the stress-strain relations, the wave equation, solutions to the two-layer problem, wave types such as P, SV, SH, Rayleigh, and Love, Snell’s law, the eikonal equation, Green’s theorem, reflection and transmission coefficients, wavefronts, rays, head waves, AVO, wavelength, energy, and attenuation. These principles will be used to understand the imaging concepts of travel time tomography and waveform migration.
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