book explains a selected number of hot topics in endocrine and hormone-related
pathologies, discussed by eminent scientists and clinicians coming from
different countries of the world. It deals with advanced recent trends in the
field, including neuroendocrine and pituitary tumors, thyroid dysfunctions,
obesity, cancer, diabetes and a series of endocrine-related diseases, such as
those related to the anabolic effects of testosterone, the liver complications
of diabetes and the pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
Obesity and type 2 diabetes
are increasing worldwide problems. In this book we reviewed factors that
contribute to glucose homeostasis and the pathogenesis of Type 2 diabetes. In
addition the book addresses current strategies for treatment of Type 2
This note explains the following topics:
Thyroid Gland, Lingual Thyroid, Anatomy, physiology and pathology of the thyroid
gland, Arterial supply, Lymph nodes of the neck, Follicles, Thyroid-Stimulating
Hormone, Production of T4 and T3, Hormonal Transport, Thyroid Hormones, Neck
Bruising, Plain Films, Nuclear Medicine Nuclear Medicine, Fine Needle
Aspiration, Disorders of the Thyroid Disorders of the Thyroid Gland,
Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Gravesí Disease.
disease is a medical condition impairing the function of the thyroid.
Hypothyroidism, multinodular goiter, hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer are only
few of the several implications that the thyroid disorders have in health. This
book aims to provide a general view of thyroid disorders, and a deeper
explanation of hyperthyroidism and its complications and impact in health.
This book, Type 2 Diabetes, is a unique book covering the topics including
pathophysiology, complications and prevention and treatments. The
Pathophysiology section covers a wide range of mechanisms and characteristics
from the micro to the macro . The Complications section includes renal
complications, sympathetic nervous system imbalance, atherosclerosis, and foot
ulcers which are frequently observed in diabetic patients. Finally, the
Prevention and Treatments section consists of non-pharmacological treatments,
bariatric surgery, pharmacological therapy, and insulin therapy.
Two major focuses on this research are:1. the interaction of
light and estradiol on the regulation of luteinizing hormone secretion in
anestrous mares and 2. the effect of melatonin administration in LH and ovarian
steroid genesis in cyclic, pregnant and hysterectomized mares.