Botany is the scientific study of plants and plant-like organisms. It
helps us understand why plants are so vitally important to the world. There were
two main ideas author attempted to embed here are : one was to put as much
plant-related information as possible into an evolutionary context, and the
other was to explain complicated problems with simple words and metaphors.
The objective of this note is to provide
a knowledge of basic botany, teach specific information about economically
important plants, and instill skills in critically researching a topic on an
economically important plant. Topics covered includes: plant morphology and
taxonomy, Plant anatomy and physiology, Plant anatomy, Vegetable plants,
Flowering plants, Spices, Herbs; Essential oils, fragrances, perfumes, Genetics;
plant breeding, cultivars, Cereal grains, Alcoholic beverages, Gordon Biersch
Brewery, Fiber plants,Medicinal plants.
This lecture note focus on the
role of plants in this world and their interaction with other plants, insects,
herbivores, pathogens, fungi and humans. These interactions are based on the
plant primary metabolism with its cheap supply of sugar for bribes as well as on
secondary metabolites for bribes, defense and repulsion.
Insectivorous Plants is a book by British
naturalist and evolutionary theory pioneer Charles Darwin. The book chronicles
Darwin's experiments with various carnivorous plants, in which he carefully
studied their feeding mechanisms. Darwin tried several methods to stimulate the
plants into activating their trap mechanisms, including feeding them meat and
glass, blowing on them and prodding them with hair.
In the chapters of this book, on the
identification of trees, the aim has been to bring before the student only such
characters and facts as shall help him to distinguish the tree readily during
all seasons of the year. Special stress is laid in each case on the most
striking peculiarities. Possible confusion with other trees of similar
appearance is prevented as far as possible through comparisons with trees of
like form or habit.
This book is
the result of several years 1 experience of the authors with the Intermediate
classes. A lot of time is usually wasted in giving instructions and notes to the
students as to the procedure of the day's work. The authors feel that this
humble attempt at systematizing the practical work of Intermediate classes, will
go a long way to remove this difficulty.
This note contains explanation of algae,
structure of alage and its classification. The contents of this documents are
Dichotomous Key to Freshwater Algae, Groups of Cyanobacteria & Algae,
Dinoflagellates, Euglenoids, Brown, Golden brown, and Yellow brown Algae
Gleaning edible plants from herbals, botanies, travel books, cultural
histories, and experiments in scientific farming, Edward Lewis Sturtevant
(1842-1898) complied notes for the largest and most accurate work on edible
plants, cultigents, and secondary food sources ever written. 2,897 species with
comments from over 560 ancient and modern sources virtually cover the entire
field. The range is from the oldest known foods, the mallow and asphodel,
through newcomers like the tomato and celery, to wild foods which become
important under certain circumstances.
Nathaniel Lord Britton was the first director-in-chief of The New
York Botanical Garden and a giant of a taxonomist. From 1896 to 1898 he
published the three-volume landmark floristic study An Illustrated Flora of the
Northern United States and Canada (Brown financed it), and revised it again in
1913. This book contains 149 individual plant files, each with illustration, taxonomy, distribution
and current botanical name.