In the chapters of this book, on the
identification of trees, the aim has been to bring before the student only such
characters and facts as shall help him to distinguish the tree readily during
all seasons of the year. Special stress is laid in each case on the most
striking peculiarities. Possible confusion with other trees of similar
appearance is prevented as far as possible through comparisons with trees of
like form or habit.
The objective of this note is to provide
a knowledge of basic botany, teach specific information about economically
important plants, and instill skills in critically researching a topic on an
economically important plant. Topics covered includes: plant morphology and
taxonomy, Plant anatomy and physiology, Plant anatomy, Vegetable plants,
Flowering plants, Spices, Herbs; Essential oils, fragrances, perfumes, Genetics;
plant breeding, cultivars, Cereal grains, Alcoholic beverages, Gordon Biersch
Brewery, Fiber plants,Medicinal plants.
This lecture note focus on the
role of plants in this world and their interaction with other plants, insects,
herbivores, pathogens, fungi and humans. These interactions are based on the
plant primary metabolism with its cheap supply of sugar for bribes as well as on
secondary metabolites for bribes, defense and repulsion.
This note covers the following topics: The
Molecules that Make a Plant, The Plant Cell: Structure and Growth, Embryonic
Origins, Plant Tissues: An Overview of Plant Tissues, Plant Organs: The Leaf,
Plant Organs: The Stem, and the Root, Water movement and nutrient transport,
Energy Metabolism: Photosynthesis, Plant Nutrition and Soil, Development and
Hormones, Response to the Environment: Tropisms and Circadian Rhythms, Genetics
and Evolution, Systematics and Taxonomy, Protists and Other Beasts, The Seedless
Vascular Plants and Seed Plants.
Botany is the scientific study of plants and plant-like organisms. It
helps us understand why plants are so vitally important to the world. There were
two main ideas author attempted to embed here are : one was to put as much
plant-related information as possible into an evolutionary context, and the
other was to explain complicated problems with simple words and metaphors.
This book is designed to furnish classes
in our schools and colleges with a suitable text book of Structural and
Physiological Botany, as well as private students with a convenient introductory
manual, adapted to the present condition of the science.
This book is
the result of several years 1 experience of the authors with the Intermediate
classes. A lot of time is usually wasted in giving instructions and notes to the
students as to the procedure of the day's work. The authors feel that this
humble attempt at systematizing the practical work of Intermediate classes, will
go a long way to remove this difficulty.
one knows when herbs of medicinal value were first used and few care to even
venture a guess. In all probability, certain unknown early plants which produced
a feeling of well-being were recognized and ingested regularly by the primates
who preceded man. After the emergence of man, in the early dawn of time, there
followed thousands of centuries of gastronomical experimentation by this
strange, upright being, during which time he learned to select from available
foods those which were best suited for his system
note covers the following topics: Nomenclature, Leaves, The photosynthesis
process, The Root System, Growth controls, Growth Responses to Light, Growth
Responses to Gravity, Hormones and Plant Functions, The Aging Process, Branching
and Root Formation, Plant Defenses, Dormancy, Mechanical and chemical
Protection, Alkaloids, Wound Healing.