This note explains the following topics: Origins - Universe, Solar System and Earth, Earth Structure and Composition, Continental Drift, Plate Tectonics, Minerals, Rocks and the Rock Cycle, Igneous Rocks, Sedimentary Rocks, Metamorphic Rocks, The Hydrologic Cycle,Soils and Mass Wasting/Mass Movement, Streams, Groundwater , Glaciers and Glaciation, Volcanoes, Earthquakes, Mountains and Structures, Geologic Time, Fossils, Energy Resourses.
Author(s): K. Leonard
This note describes the following topics: Minerals, Magmatism and magmatic rocks, Weathering, Sedimentary rocks, Metamorphic rocks, Deformation, Geologic Time and Earthquakes.
Author(s): Prof .Dr. Kadir Dirik
This note deals with the application of geological and related principles to the solution of various types of crimes. Topics covered includes: The Case of the Sandy Body, Characterizing Sand, Characterizing Minerals, Characterizing Rocks, Using Pigments to Identify Art Fraud, Demise of the Ice Man, Radioactive Isotopes, Stable Isotopes.
Author(s): Prof. G. Nelson Eby
This course note introduces students to the basics of geology. It will addresses topics ranging from mineral and rock identification to the origin of the continents, from geologic mapping to plate tectonics, and from erosion by rivers and glaciers to the history of life.
Author(s): Prof. Taylor Perron and Prof. Oliver Jagoutz
This note explains the follolwing topics: Parameters of Structural Geology, Mathematics of Structural Geology, Deformation Mapping, Deform. and Displacement Gradients, Examples of Geological Deformation, The Displacement Gradient, Rotational vs. Irrotational Strain, Strain Markers and Rock Strain, Properties of Tensors, Introduction to Stress , The Force-Balance Problem, The Mohr Circle and Earth Stress, Coulomb Failure Criterion, Microcracks and Shear Fracturing,Stress Concentration, Crack Propagation and Jointing, Effective Stress, Joint Patterns, Friction, Fault Rocks, Paleozoic Geology of the Cordiller, Alpine Geology.
Author(s): Terry Engelder
A structural geology laboratory manual comes always handy to anyone dealing with maps, cross-sections or stereograhic nets. This manual contains explanations and exercises on attitude measurements, true and apparent dips, three-point problems, stereographic projections, rotations with the stereonet, stereograms, geologic mapping and cross-section construction, thickness and outcrop problems ans statistical techniques.
Author(s): David T. Allison
The aim of this note is to provide a basic introduction to the geological and geophysical processes that form and shape the ocean basins and their margins. Topics covered includes: Seafloor Mapping, Understanding Conductive Cooling, Cooling of the Ocean Plates, Evidence for Plate Tectonics from Magnetics, Global Seismology, Mantle Melting and Phase Diagrams, Mid-Ocean Ridge Segmentation, Subduction Zones, Seismic Hazards in the Pacific Northwest, Passive Margins and Sediment Transport, Sequence Stratigraphy and Eustacy, Deep Sea Sedimentation and Paleoceanography.
Author(s): William Wilcock
This lecture note covers the following topics: Lines and planes, Orthographic Projections, Maps, Vectors and tensors, Vector products, Stereonets, Stereonets, Rotations, Kinematics, inite Strain, Infinitesimal strain, Stress, Rheology, Holes, Dislocations, Folds, Faults, Joints and dikes.
Author(s): Stephen J. Martel
This book, like the others in the Series, is written in simple English the language most widely used in science and technology. It provides an introduction to the study of Earth science, but `Earth science' is interpreted differently in different countries. In some regions of the Earth, such as on the Pacific margins, it usually covers all the science relating to the Earth, including geology, meteorology, oceanography, geomorphology and soil science. It therefore covers much of physical geography in these regions, where geography is often not a strong school subject. In other countries `Earth science' has a rather narrower definition, largely covering only geology, whilst other aspects of `Earth science' are covered in geography. Nevertheless, wherever on Earth this book is being read, if you want to study `Earth science' in Higher Education, at College or University, you will study mainly geology. So this book has been written as an introductory guide to geology, to interest you in the subject and to enthuse you to study geology at higher levels.
Author(s): Chris King
This is a book by the Scottish geologist Charles Lyell. Lyell used geology throughout as a basis to strengthen his argument for Uniformitarianism.This book explains the geological state of the modern Earth by considering the long-term effects of observable natural phenomena.
Author(s): Charles Lyell
This book relates fractals and chaos to a variety of geological and geophysical applications. This book contains eight chapters showing the recent applications of the fractal or mutifractal analysis in geosciences. Two chapters are devoted to applications of the fractal analysis in climatology, two of them to data of cosmic and solar geomagnetic data from observatories. Four chapters of the book contain some applications of the (multi-) fractal analysis in exploration geophysics.
Author(s): Sid-Ali Ouadfeul
This book will be a valuable resource in teaching the physical, earth, and space sciences. It introduces students to the scientific results of planetary exploration. This educator's guide features exercises grouped into five units: 1) introduction to geologic processes, 2) impact cratering activities, 3) planetary atmosphere, 4) planetary surfaces and 5) geologic mapping.
New Theory of the Earth, is a book written by Don L. Anderson. This is an interdisciplinary advanced textbook on all aspects of the interior of the Earth and its origin, composition, and evolution: geophysics, geochemistry, dynamics, convection, mineralogy, volcanism, energetics and thermal history. This is the only book on the whole landscape of deep Earth processes that ties together all the strands of the subdisciplines.
Author(s): Don L. Anderson
This book explains about the earth and its evolution.Also describes planetary formation theories and builds a model of what early earth could of looked like, subtley using the scientific method and asking and answering questions every step of the way.
Author(s): James Hutton
This course note covers sediments in the rock cycle, production of sediments at the Earth's surface, physics and chemistry of sedimentary materials, and scale and geometry of near-surface sedimentary bodies, including aquifers. It also explores topics like sediment transport and deposition in modern sedimentary environments, burial and lithification, survey of major sedimentary rock types, stratigraphic relationships of sedimentary basins, and evolution of sedimentary processes through geologic time.
Author(s): Prof. David Mohrig
IN these days of specializing in " watertight compartments," the bearing of geology in relation to almost every branch of engineer-ing is very frequently neglected or ignored. A knowledge of geology is, however, of the first importance to the practical engineer, but it is difficult for him to study the application of this science to his requirements without having recourse to a large number of different textbooks and other works. References to geology which are often of the greatest practical importance are often almost hidden away or treated in an obscure fashion, where- as the engineer requires the needful information to be put before him in a clear and concise manner. To meet this want I have endeavoured to compile the requisite information in one volume, in the hope that it may serve as a handy book of reference. GEOLOGY is the science which investigates the history of the earth. It treats of the nature and formation of the rocks which form the solid framework of the globe ; of the agents which produce changes in these rocks ; and of the history of the past life, whose remains (fossils) are buried in them.
Author(s): Robert Fox Sorsbie
Geology is a science of such rapid growth that no apology is expected when from time to time a new text-book is added to those already in the field. The present work, however, is the outcome of the need of a text-book of very simple outline, in which causes and their consequences should be knit together as closely as possible,—a need long felt by the author in his teaching, and perhaps by other teachers also. The author has ventured, therefore, to depart from the common usage which subdivides geology into a number of departments,—dynamical, structural, physiographic, and historical,—and to treat in immediate connection with each geological process the land forms and the rock structures which it has produced. In arrangement, the twofold division of the subject was chosen because of its simplicity and effectiveness. The principles of physical geology come first; the several chapters are arranged in what is believed to be a natural order, appropriate to the greatest part of our country, so that from a simple beginning a logical sequence of topics leads through the whole subject. The historical view of the science comes second, with many specific illustrations of the physical processes previously studied, but now set forth as part of the story of the earth, with its many changes of aspect and its succession of inhabitants. Special attention is here given to North America, and care is taken to avoid overloading with details.
Author(s): William Harmon Norton
This note covers the following topics: course introduction water balance equation , aquifers porosity and darcys law , hydraulic head and fluid potential , continuity and flow nets , groundwater flow patterns , groundwatersurface water interactions , transient systems and groundwater storage , pump test analysis , numerical modeling of groundwater flow , superposition , solute transport in groundwater , soil moisture i , soil moisture ii , natural tracers pdf , hydraulic conductivity the permeater
Author(s): Charles Harvey
This note covers the following topics: introduction, target sequence, barringer meteorite impact crater, shock metamorphism, crater rim uplift and crater wall collapse, overturned rim sequence, distribution of ejecta, projectile, trajectory, energy of impact, age of the crater, environmental effects of the impact, postimpact lake, crater rim east trail guide, crater floor trail guide, bibliography
Author(s): David A. Kring
Structural Geology, Tectonics and Geodynamics form a coherent and interdependent ensemble of sub-disciplines, the aim of which is the search for knowledge about how minerals, rocks and rock formations, and Earth systems deform and via which processes.
Author(s): Patrice F Ray
The subjects of this dictionary are most of geological terms but there are many terms that also related with geophysics, biology, astrophysics, and geography. Geology is an interesting subject in knowing history of Earth creation, creature evolution, ancient Earth life and Earth condition in the past; even find mine, coal, also oil deposit below Earth surface. Petrogeologist study geology to find mine, coal, or oil deposit. Geophysics scientist study geology for recognize the physical characteristics of Earth component such as magnetism, seismicity, elasticity, Earth thermodynamic, by physical experiments in a specific geological structure which consist of specific rocks and minerals. Biology scientist study geology for tracing the historical evolution of creature in its first appearance until this time. Geographers also study geology for recognize a spatial phenomenon of Earth surface that were formed or influenced with a sequences of geological event.
Author(s): Alva Kurniawan, Jasmine A. P., John Mc. Kenzie
A sufficient number of leading facts has been introduced to enable the learner to feel that every important principle is a conclusion to which he has himself arrived; and yet, for the purpose of compression, that fullness of detail has been avoided with which more extended works abound. In furtherance of the same object, authorities are seldom cited.
Author(s): Justin R. Loomis