This note explains the following topics:
Origins of the US Constitution, Ratification of the Constitution,
Federal implied powers under the Commerce Clause, United States v. Darby, SC
switches direction, State sovereign immunity, Separation of powers, Equal
Protection: Slavery to Reconstruction; Incorporation, Reconstruction Amendments,
Incorporation, Gender Equal Protection, Implied right of economic liberty.
The book became a standard work which
was translated into several languages. Bagehot began his book by saying, do not be fooled by constitutional theories and formal institutional
continuities– concentrate instead on the real centers of power and the practical
working of the political system. He dismissed the two theories of the division
of powers and of checks and balances as erroneous.
The note focuses on
public comparative law and on EU law. It also analyses the different legal
traditions of the world in their interrelations with constitutional designs, as
well as on the regulation of economic activities having recourse to the
This book explains the
following topics: Constitutional Texts: US, Canada, South Africa, The Adoption of
the U.S. Constitution, The Bank of the United States and the Powers of the
Federal Government, The Role of the Federal Courts in the Constitutional
Framework, Separation of Powers: The Allocation of Powers within the Federal
Government, Federalism: The Allocation of Powers between the Federal and State
Governments, Federalism: Constitutional Limits on State Powers.