This note explains the following topics:
Origins of the US Constitution, Ratification of the Constitution,
Federal implied powers under the Commerce Clause, United States v. Darby, SC
switches direction, State sovereign immunity, Separation of powers, Equal
Protection: Slavery to Reconstruction; Incorporation, Reconstruction Amendments,
Incorporation, Gender Equal Protection, Implied right of economic liberty.
The book became a standard work which
was translated into several languages. Bagehot began his book by saying, do not be fooled by constitutional theories and formal institutional
continuities– concentrate instead on the real centers of power and the practical
working of the political system. He dismissed the two theories of the division
of powers and of checks and balances as erroneous.
These materials can be useful for discussing how
the Second Amendment ought to be interpreted. Author intentionally include more
materials here than any teacher will likely use, to give people flexibility in
picking and choosing.