is convenient to start with the conception that glaucoma is increased tension of
the eyeball, plus the causes and effects of such increase; although a broad
survey of the facts may reveal a clinical entity to be called glaucoma, without
increased tension constantly or necessarily present, and cases of increased
intra-ocular tension not to be classed as glaucoma.
Fuchs’ corneal dystrophy (FCD) is a progressive, hereditary disease of the
cornea first described a century ago by the Austrian ophthalmologist Ernst
Fuchs. This note provides recent advances in our understanding of the genetic
and pathophysiological mechanisms of the disease, as well as the application of
new imaging modalities and less invasive surgical procedures, present new
opportunities for improved outcomes among patients with FCD.
Author(s): Allen O Eghrari, MD and John D Gottsch,
This lecture note will
serve as a practical guideline for the hard-pressed mid-level health workers. We
hope that it will be a good introduction to eye diseases for health science
students working in Ethiopia. This note covers the following topics: basic
anatomy and physiology of the eye, basic examination of the eye, external eye
diseases, differential diagnosis of red eye, community ophthalmology, eye
injuries and systemic disease and the eye.
covers the following subtopics: Initial Evaluation of the Patient, Diagnostic
Testing, Schirmer Tear Test, Fluorescein Staining, Tonometry, Cytology, Culture
and Sensitivity, Slit-Lamp Examination, Slit-Lamp Models, Slit-Lamp Use,
Ophthalmoscopy, Binocular Indirect Ophthalmoscopy, Direct Ophthalmoscopy,
Monocular Indirect Ophthalmoscopy, Information and Supply Sources.