These notes are intended to
give a solid introduction to Probability Theory with a reasonable level of
mathematical rigor. Topics covered includes: Elementary probability,
Discrete-time finite state Markov chains, Existence of Markov Chains,
Discrete-time Markov chains with countable state space, Probability triples,
Limit Theorems for stochastic sequences, Moment Generating Function, The Central
Limit Theorem, Measure Theory and Applications.
The contents include:
Introduction, Preliminary Results, Distributions, Random Variables,
Expectation, Independence, Weak Law of Large Numbers, Borel-Cantelli Lemmas,
Strong Law of Large Numbers, Random Series, Weak Convergence, Characteristic
Functions, Central Limit Theorems, Poisson Convergence, Stein's Method,
Random Walk Preliminaries, Stopping Times, Recurrence, Path Properties, Law
of The Iterated Logarithm.
This note explains the following
topics: Probability Theory, Random Variables, Distribution Functions, And
Densities, Expectations And Moments Of Random Variables, Parametric Univariate
Distributions, Sampling Theory, Point And Interval Estimation, Hypothesis
Testing, Statistical Inference, Asymptotic Theory, Likelihood Function, Neyman
or Ratio of the Likelihoods Tests.
This text assumes no prerequisites in probability, a basic exposure to
calculus and linear algebra is necessary. Some real analysis as well as some
background in topology and functional analysis can be helpful. This note covers
the following topics: Limit theorems, Probability spaces, random variables,
independence, Markov operators, Discrete Stochastic Processes, Continuous
Stochastic Processes, Random Jacobi matrices, Symmetric Diophantine Equations
and Vlasov dynamics.
This book is addressed to readers who
are already familiar with applied mathematics at the advanced undergraduate level or preferably higher. Topics covered
includes: Plausible Reasoning, Quantitative Rules, Elementary Sampling Theory,
Elementary Hypothesis Testing, Queer Uses For Probability Theory, Elementary
Parameter Estimation, Central, Gaussian Or Normal Distribution.