Superconductivity was discovered 1911 by Kamerlingh Onnes. During the last century, the history of superconductivity has been full of theoretical challenges and practical developments.This book contains 15 chapters reporting interesting researches about theoretical and experimental aspects of superconductivity.The chapters include: Room Temperature Superconductivity, Unconventional Superconductivity , Coherent Current States in Two-Band Superconductors, Nonlinear Response of the Static and Dynamic Phases of the Vortex Matter, Energy Dissipation Minimization in Superconducting Circuits, Electronic Transport in an NS System with a Pure Normal Channel - Coherent and Spin-Dependent Effects, Effects of Impurities on a Noncentrosymmetric Superconductor - Application to CePt3Si, Foundations of Meissner Superconductor Magnet Mechanisms Engineering, Properties of Macroscopic Quantum Effects and Dynamic Natures of Electrons in Superconductors, FFLO and Vortex States in Superconductors with Strong Paramagnetic Effect, Development of Josephson Voltage Standards, Critical State Analysis Using Continuous Reading SQUID Magnetometer, Current Status and Technological Limitations of Hybrid Superconducting-normal Single Electron Transistors, Photonic Band Structure and Transmittance of the Superconductor Photonic Crystal, Electrodynamics of High Pinning Superconductors.
Author(s): Adir Moyses Luiz
This note will introduce the theory, design, field quality measurements and analysis of superconducting accelerator magnets. New type of magnet designs for future magnets will also be introduced.
Author(s): Ramesh Gupta, Animesh Jain and Carl Goodzeit
The book includes 17 chapters written by noted scientists and young researchers and dealing with various aspects of superconductivity, both theoretical and experimental. Topics covered includes: Field-Induced Superconductors, X-Ray Spectroscopy Studies of Iron Chalcogenides, Defect Structure Versus Superconductivity in MeB2 Compounds and One-Dimensional Superconductors, Superconducting Magnet Technology and Applications, Pseudogap and Local Pairs in High-Tc Superconductors, Magnetic Texturing of High-Tc Superconductors.
Author(s): Alexander Gabovich
This note explains the following topics: BCS theory, Andreev reflection, superconductor,Weak links, Quantum phenomena in Josephson junction.
Author(s): N B Kopnin
This note provides a phenomenological approach to superconductivity, with emphasis on superconducting electronics. Topics covered include: electrodynamics of superconductors, London's model, flux quantization, Josephson Junctions, superconducting quantum devices, equivalent circuits, high-speed superconducting electronics, and quantized circuits for quantum computing.
Author(s): Prof. Terry Orlando
This note will concentrate on modern aspects of superconductivity. Topics covered includes: Phenomenology of High Tc Cuprates, Symmetry Aspects of Unconventional Superconductivity, Symmetry Aspects of Unconventional Superconductivity, Fundamentals and Applications of ARPES, Superconducting Qubits, Modern Aspects of Superconductivity, Superconductors Near the Mott Transition, Neutron and X-Ray Scattering Studies of Superconductors, Magnetism and Superconductivity, Theory of Superconductivity, Iron-Based Superconductors, Optical Properties of Superconductors, Topological Superconductivity.
Author(s): Yale University
This note explains the following topics: Phenomenological Theories of Superconductivity, Applications of Ginzburg-Landau Theory, Response, Resonance, and the Electron Gas, Screening and Dielectric Response, BCS Theory of Superconductivity, Applications of BCS Theory.
Author(s): Daniel Arovas and Congjun Wu
These lectures are an introduction to those superconductors, all discovered since the 1970s, which do not appear to be well described by the traditional BCS theory. Topics covered includes: Reminders of the BCS theory, Superfluid 3 He: basic description, Definition and diagnostics of exotic superconductivity, Non-cuprate exotic superconductivity, Cuprates: generalities, and normal state properties, Exotic superconductivity.
Author(s): Anthony J. Leggett
The course note begins with a description of the changes in the properties of metals on becoming superconducting. The thermodynamics of the associated phase transition is then elucidated.
Author(s): Prof Prabhakar P. Singh and Prof. Avinash V. Mahajan
The first five sections deals with the direct fluctuation pair contributions. The indirect fluctuation effects are discussed in the last two sections, devoted to the microscopic justification of the time dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation, the description of the microscopic theory of fluctuations, and discussion of their manifestations in various physical properties of superconductors.
Author(s): Anatoly Larkin and Andrei Varlamov
The purpose of this paper to explore the theory of high temperature superconductivity. The main focus is on the core theoretical issues associated with the mechanism of high temperature superconductivity more generally.
Author(s): E. W. Carlson, V. J. Emery, S.A. Kivelson and D. Orgad
Covered topics are Discovery and first insights, The physics of the Cooper pairs, BCS theory of superconductivity, Characteristics of the superconducting state, The Strong coupling theory, High-Tc superconducting materials, Crystal structures, Superconducting properties, Models on the mechanism.
Author(s): R. Baquero
Covered topics are : Introduction-zero resistance, Perfect diamagnetism, Electrodynamics or The London theory,The critical magnetic field, Thermodynamics of the transition, The intermediate state, Transport currents in superconductors, The superconducting properties of small specimens, Ginzburg-Landau theory,The microscopic theory or BCS theory, .Tunneling or Josephson effect, superconductivity, Hi-Tc superconductors.
Author(s): A.C.Rose-Innes& E. H.Rhoderick
This note covers the following topics: introduction, superconducting transition, the london model, meissner effect, phase coherence , magnetic flux quantization , coherence length and the energy gap , critical currents and magnetic fields , condensation energy, critical currents , quantized vortices, basic concepts, vortices in the london model , critical fields in typeii superconductors , the bcs theory, landau fermiliquid , the cooper problem , the bcs model , the bogoliubovde gennes equations , the selfconsistency equation , observables , energy spectrum and coherence factors, density of states , the energy gap, current , andreev reflection, weak links, josephson effect , dc and ac josephson effects, superconducting quantum interference devices , dynamics of josephson junctions, , resistively shunted josephson junction , the role of capacitance, thermal fluctuations, shapiro steps , coulomb blockade in normal double junctions, orthodox description of the coulomb blockade, low temperature limit , conductance in the high temperature limit, quantum phenomena in josephson junctions, quantization, quantum conditions, charge operator , the hamiltonian , macroscopic quantum tunnelling, effects of dissipation on mqt, band structure , blochs theorem , blochs theorem in josephson devices , large coulomb energy freephase limit, low coulomb energy tight binding limit , coulomb blockade, equation of motion , bloch oscillations and the coulomb blockade in josephson, junctions , effect of dissipation, parity effects
Author(s): N. B. Kopnin, Helsinki University of Technology
This note covers the following topics: Historical Background, Fundamentals of Superconductors, Applications of Superconductors, The Chemistry of Superconductors, Temperature Measurements, Preparation of the 1-2-3 Superconducting Pellet, Electrical Contacts, Handling Liquid Nitrogen and Demonstrations.
Author(s): Robert W. Dull and H. Richard Kerchner
This note covers the following topics: Topology and Geometry for Physics, The Fundamentals of Density Functional Theory, The Particle World of Condensed Matter, Theory of Superconductivity: A Primer, Microscopic Theory of Superconductivity, The Essentials of DFT and FPLO, High Tc Superconductors: Electronic structure, BCS(Beschreibung des supraleitenden Zustands), half-metals - a new materials class, Theory of Topological Insulators, Introduction to Density-Functional Theory for the Ground State and Hopf Fibrations.
Author(s): Helmut Eschrig
This note covers the following topics: Effective theory at the Fermi surface, The gap equation, The role of the broken gauge symmetry, Color superconductivity, Effective lagrangians, NGB and their parameters, The dispersion law for the gluons, Quark masses and the gap equation, LOFF phase and Astrophysical implications.
Author(s): Roberto Casalbuoni
This note covers the following topics: What is a Superconductor, Discovery of Superconductivity, Meissner Effect, Type I Superconductors, Type II Superconductors, Theory of Superconductivity, Tunneling and the Josephson Effect, High-Temperature Supercondutors and Applications of Superconductors.
Author(s): Terry P. Orlando
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