Basic Agriculture Student Handbook
Agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy, as we are growing hundreds of cereals, pulses, oil seeds, fruits and vegetables. Topics covered includes: Agricultural Production and Management, Production and Management of Horticultural Crops, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Post Production Handling, Packaging and Processing of Animal Products, Seed Production and Nursery Management, Entrepreneurial Skill Development.
Author(s): Central Board of Secondary Education
Crop Production Guide Agriculture
The Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, is playing a pivotal role in design and development of crop varieties,technologies and farm implements to suit the prevailing situations and adapt to the climate change scenarios. This book provides guidance to the production of following crops: Rice, Millets, Wheat, Pulses, Oilseeds, Fibre Crops, Sugarcane , Sweet Sorghum, Tropical Sugarbeet, Forage Crops, Green Manure Crops, Mushroom Cultivation , Composting And Industrial Waste Water, Agro Forestry, Integrated Farming System, Weeds, Soil Related Constraints and Their Management , Chisel Technology, Surge Irrigation, Micro Irrigation, Agrometeorology, Farm Implements And Machinery .
Author(s): Tamil Nadu Agricultural University
International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria
This volume contains the edition of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria approved by the Plenary Session of the Fifteenth International Congress of Microbiology, Osaka, 1990, together with lists of conserved and rejected bacterial names and of Opinions issued by the Judicial Commission.
Author(s): SP Lapage, PHA Sneath, EF Lessel, VBD Skerman, HPR Seeliger, and WA Clark
This book covers the following topics: Bacteriology in the Victorian Era, What We Breathe, Sunshine and Life, Bacteriology and Water, Milk Dangers and Remedies, Bacteria and Ice, Some Poisons and Their Prevention .
Author(s): Grace C. Frankland
An Introduction to Science and Biology for Non Majors
The organization of this course has been driven by the goal of providing non-majors with a coherent picture of modern biological knowledge. To accomplish this goal it’s necessary that each student gains an appreciation of the nature of science and is introduced to the integrated view of our world that modern science has produced. To facilitate this the course is divided into four parts : The Nature of Science, Defining Science, The Epistemic Values of Science, The Origin of Modern Science, Science as a Profession, The Conceptual Framework of Biology, Cosmological Evolution, Natural Levels of Organization in the Physical World, Biological Evolution, Life as a Chemical Function Biochemistry and Genetics, The Modern Synthesis Darwin and Mendel, The Integration of Biological Knowledge, Geologic Time, The Origin of our Solar System, The Origin of Life Photosynthesis, Aerobic Respiration, Endosymbiosis and Eukaryotic Cells, The Classification of Life, Sexual Reproduction, Multicellularity, Adaptive Radiations and Mass Extinctions, Vertebrate, Evolution, Human Evolution, Biology and Society, Science and Ethics, Human Population Growth, The Sixth Extinction.
Author(s): David L. Alles
The topics in this site are as follows : Mendel, Mitosis and Meiosis, Linkage and the Chromosomal Theory, Human Genetics, Biochemical Genetics, Biochemistry I, Molecular Biology I, Cells and Membranes.
Author(s): Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Introduction To Bioengineering MIT
The site contains notes in the following topics : Bioengineering Science, Biology Science, Chemistry Science, Biological Engineering, BioMechanical Engineering, BioMEMS, Bioengineering in Aero/Astro, Bioengineering in Chemical Engineering, Bioengineering in Civil and Environmental Engineering, Bioengineering in Computer Science, Biomaterial Sciences, Topics in Biological Engineering.
Author(s): Prof. Douglas Lauffenburger, Prof. Paul T. Matsudaira, Prof. Angela M. Belcher, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Introduction to Biomedical Engineering SNU
The site holds notes in topics as follows : Biomedical Engineering:A Historical Perspective, Anatomy and Physiology, Bioelectric Phenomena, Amplifier, Biomedical Sensors, ElectroCardioGram, Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering, Biotechnology, Artificial Vision, BioPhotonics, Progress and Challenges of Neural Prostheses: Cochlear, Retinal Implants, Deep brain stimulation.
Author(s): Seoul National University
Biogeography is the study of distribution of organisms both past and present. It is the science which attempts to describe and understand the innumerable patterns in the distribution of species and larger taxonomic groups.This notes holds the following contents : Introduction, Energy Flow and Nutrient Recycling in Ecosystems, Living organisms and the environment, Ecological Regimes, Important Bio-geographic Processes.
Author(s): National Academic Digital Library of Ethiopia
Biogeography and Long Run Economic Development
The notes contains contents in the following topics : Introduction, The Agricultural Revolution, A Theoretical Framework, Some Empirical Evidence.
Author(s): Ola Olsson and Douglas A. Hibbs Jr.
Computational Biology Biostatistics
The topics of notes in this site are as follows : Introduction to Bioinformatics, Sequence Alignment, Probabilistic Sequence Models , Gene Expression Analysis, Protein Structure Prediction.
Author(s): Burr Settles
Foundations of Bioinformatics and Systems Biology
The contents in this site includes the following topics : The complete course is comprised of three modules covering Foundations of Bioinformatics, Statistics in Bioinformatics, Systems Biology. These modules holds the following contents : Introduction to bioinformatics, Sequence Alignment and Database Searching, Structural Bioinformatics, Genome Informatics: High Throughput Sequencing Applications and Analytical Methods, Approaches to statistical estimation and testing, Statistical estimation and hypothesis testing, Analyses involving associations, Pearson correlation, t-test, and log odds ratios, Linear regression, Regression models, Introduction to graphical methods for multivariate data analysis, Clustering and principal component analysis, Introduction to systems biology, Epigenome data mining to understand disease predisposition, Computational clinical decision support systems, Application of systems biology to translational medicine.
Author(s): University of Michigan
The term Biotec hnology was coined by karl Ereky a Hungarian engineer in 1919. This term is derived from a fusion of Biology and Technology Biotechnology is not a pure science but an integrated affect of these two areas, the root of which lies in biological sciences.The contents of this notes are as follows : Biotechnology, Definitions, Major concepts and importance, International organizations involved in biotechnology, Biotechnology in India.
Author(s): Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi VishwaVidyalaya, Jabalpur
Future Perspective of Environmental Biotechnology
Biotechnology is the broad area of biology involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products. Environmental Biotechnology is a rapidly developing, increasingly important branch of science that has implications for both the prevention and clean-up of pollution in different strata of the environment. The contents of this notes include : Preface – Importance of the Training program, Basics of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, Applications of Biotechnology to Control Environmental Pollution, Addressing Pesticide Pollution through Bioremediation Technology, Solid Waste management, Cutting edge technologies for the sustainable management of wastewater The New Faces of Diatoms: Source for new age nanotechnology application, Oilzapper and Oilivorous-S, Biofuels – Importance, Potential and Present Status.
Author(s): Sutapa Dutta, Md. Hafizur Rahman, Punarbasu Chaudhury, Shouvik Mahanty, Md. Azizur Rahman, Subhasis Das, Dheeban K Chakravarthi, Suvendu Manna
This note covers the following topics: Study of Taxonomical Features of Plants, Plant Tissue System, Secondary Growth in Plants , Microsporogenesis, Pollen Germination and Pollen Viability, Ovules, Embryo sac, Endosperm and Embryo, Protandry, Protogyny and Heterostyly, Seed Dormancy, Ecological Study of Different Life-forms , Study of Soil Features , Economic Botany of Plant Fibers and Vegetable oils , Scientific Visit , Technique of Plant Tissue Culture.
Author(s): Vardhman Mahaveer Open University, Kota
The book comprises single chapters authored by various researchers and edited by an expert active in the medical research area. All chapters are complete in itself but united under a common research study topic. This publication aims at providing a thorough overview of the latest research efforts by international authors on herbs and spices, and opening new possible research paths for further novel developments.
Author(s): Muhammad Akram
The contents of the pdf include : Introduction, Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells, Animal and Plant Cell Structure - Tbe Eukaryotic Cell , Cell Membrane Structure and Function, Tbe Cell Cycle and Cell Division, Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction, Cellular Metabolism and Enzymes, Cellular Respiration, Cellular Photosynthesis.
Author(s): Dyersburg State Community College
Cell Biology, Molecular Biology And Biotechnology
The lecture notes has contents in topics as follows : Cell Biology, the Cell,, Structures and Functions of Cell Organelles, Structure and Types of Chromosomes, Cell Division, Molecular Biology, Structure and Composition of Dna, Structure and Composition of Rna, Modern Concept of Gene and Genetic Code, Protein Synthesis and Gene Regulation of Protein Synthesis, Biotechnology, Recombinant Dna, Genetic Engineering, Biotechnology, Plant Tissue Culture.
Author(s): Uttarakhand Open University, Department of Zoology, School of Sciences
The topics in this presentation are as follows : Introduction, Advantagres and disadvantages, Samplings, Stains, Fluids, FNAs, Summary.
Author(s): Živka Er Ivka Ery Milana Panjkovi, Institute of Pulmonary Diseases, Sr. Kamenica Iseases,School of Medicine, University of Novi Sad
This book is concerned with a discussion of the basic facts, concepts, and problems of cellular biology. The authors have provided a general picture of the field, the details of which may be filled in by reference to the many fine sources available. Topics covered includes: Cells and Cellular Organization, Proteins, Nucleic Acids, Lipids, Carbohydrates, Inorganic Constituents, Structure and Function of Cytoplasmic, Endoplasmic Reticidum, Microsomes, Cytoplasmic Matrix, Cell Membrane, Vacuoles, Structure and Function of the Nucleus, Nuclear Envelope, Chromomeres, Mechanics and Physiology of Cell Division, The Chromosome Coiling Cycle, Cytogenetics, Radiation Cytology, Survey of Cytological Techniques.
Author(s): Wilson G. B.and Morrison John H
Developmental Biology Dr. Luna Phukan
The presentation holds contents in the following topics : Gametogenesis And Oogenesis, Fertilization, Sperm Egg, Interaction, Activation of Egg, Gamete Fusion in Sea Urchin, Interaction of Egg Jelly With Sperm, Fusion of Gamete Plasma Membranes, Types of Egg and Cleavage Pattern, Concept of Organizer and Induction, Parthenogenesis, Regeneration In Vertebrates And Invertebrates, etc.
Author(s): Dr. Luna Phukan
The Movement and Habits of Climbing Plants
On the Movements and Habits of Climbing Plants is a book by Charles Darwin first printed in book form in 1875 by John Murray. This work is subdivided into chapters concentrating on a particular type of climber which he divided into four main classes but Darwin, in this volume, concentrates on the two main classes, the twining plants and the leaf climbers.
Author(s): Charles Darwin
Advanced Ecology Lecture Notes Cornell
The contents of this notes are as follows : Introduction to Modeling, Scaling from leaf physiology to vegetation dynamics, Individual-based “gap” models, Modeling structured populations, Spatially structured populations, Explaining biodiversity, Regeneration niche and space-dependent mechanisms, Neutral theory.
Author(s): Stephen Ellner, Cornell University
Mathematical Biology and Ecology Lecture Notes
The topics in this notes include : Introduction, Spatially independent models for a single species, Continuous population models: interacting species, Enzyme kinetics, Introduction to spatial variation, Travelling waves, Pattern formation, Excitable systems: nerve pulses, The phase plane.
Author(s): Dr Ruth E. Baker, University of Oxford
Fundamentals of Entomology by KK Wagh
Entomology is the branch of zoology or biological science that deals with the study of insects. The contents of this lecture notes are as follows : Introduction, Dominance of Class Insecta, Insect Integument, Body segmentation and structure of Head, Structure of thorax and abdomen, Structure and modifications of Antennae, Structure and modifications of mouth parts, Structure and modifications of leg, Structure and modifications of wings, Sensory and Sound producing organs, Metamorphosis and Seasonal adoptions, Immature stages of Insects, Structure and functions of Digestive system, Structure and functions of Circulatory system, Structure and functions of excretory system, Structure and functions of Respiratory system, etc.
Author(s): Prof. Mochi A. S., K. K. Wagh College of Agriculture, Nashik
Fundamentals of Entomology by Don Bosco
The contents in this presentation include : Insect Morphology & Anatomy, Insect Integument, Cuticle, Sutures in Head Capsule, Insect Head, Types of Mouthparts, Insect Antenna, Compound Eyes, Insect Thorax, Types of Legs, the Insect Wing, Wing Coupling Apparatus, Abdomen, Insect Physiology, Insect Nervous System, Types of Neurons, Oogenesis Ovulation, etc.
Author(s): Mr. Rajan Shelke, Don Bosco College of Agriculture, Sulcorna
Molecular Biology and Applied Genetics
Molecular genetics, or molecular biology, is the study of the biochemical mechanisms of inheritance. It is the study of the biochemical nature of the genetic material and its control of phenotype. It is the study of the connection between genotype and phenotype. The connection is a chemical one. The chapters explained in this book are : The Cell, the Cell Cycle, Macromolecules, Genetics, Chromosome Structure and Function, Linkage, Pedigree Analysis, Nucleic Acid Structure and Function, Dna Damage and Repair, Gene Transfer in Bacteria, Transcription and Translation, Control of Gene Expression, Recombinant Dna Technology, Dna Sequencing, Molecular Techniques.
Author(s): Mohammed Awole Adem, Jimma University
Introduction to Micorarrays and Concepts of Molecular Biology
The topics in this presentation are : Overview of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Part I: Molecular Biology Review, Life, Cell types, Prokaryotic Cell, Eukaryotes, Nucleic Acids, DNA, RNA, Central Dogma, Gene Transcription or DNA Transcription, Translation, Ribosome, Chromosomes, Chromatin Structure, Gene Coding and Replication, Mitosis, Proteins, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Introduction to Microarrays, Microarray Data Analysis, For What Do We Use Microarray Data?, Statistical Methods Can Help, Preprocessing Microarray Data, etc.
Author(s): M. Saleet Jafri, Program in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, George Mason University
Basic Course in Ornithology NPTEL
This site contains 44 lectures in various topics related to Ornithology as follows : Introduction to Ornithology, Diversity and Classification, Evolution and Speciation, Anatomy, Physiology, Colour, Life History, Foraging Behaviour, Mating and Breeding Behaviour, Social Behaviour, Methods of Science and Research Questions, Vocal Behaviour: Mechanisms, Vocal Behaviour: Ecology and Evolution - Part 2, Vocal Mimicry in Birds, Basics of Research Design, Bird Migration, Bird Populations: Concepts, Bird Communities: Concepts, Interactive Session by Dr Mousumi Ghosh (NCF) and Dr Umesh Srinivasan (IISc), Studying bird populations and communities, Mixed Species Flocks, Introduction to Data Visualisation Analysis, Biogeography, Macroecology, Bird Conservation, Avian Conservation, Molecular Techniques.
Author(s): Prof. Mousumi Ghosh, Prof. Manjari Jain, Prof. R Jayapal, Prof. Anand Krishnan
This is a list of the bird species of India and includes extant and recently extinct species recorded within the political limits of the Republic of India as defined by the Indian government are known to have around 1355 species as of 2019,of which 78 are endemic to the country.
Parasites A Treatise on the Entozoa of Man and Animals, Including Some Account of the Ectozoa
This note covers the following topics: Parasites Of Man, Trematoda, Cestoda, Nematoda, Parasites of Mammalia, Parasites of Quadrumana, Parasites of Carnivora, Parasites of Solidungula, Parasites of Marsupialia and Monotremata, Parasites of Aves, Parasites of Reptilia, Parasites of Pisces, Parasites of Evertebrata.
Author(s): T. Spencer Cobbold
Natural Remedies in the Fight Against Parasites
This book emphasizes past and current research efforts about principles of natural control of major parasites affecting humans, animals, and crops. It discusses and updates information about three major topics of natural remedies.
Author(s): Hanem Fathy Khater
The contents of this notes are as follows : Plant Cell, Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic, Cell Division, Cell Senescence, Extranuclear Organelles, Cell Wal, Mitochondria, Chloroplast and Endoplasmic Reticulum, Ribosome and Golgi Apparatus, Intranuclear Organelles, Nucleus, Chromosomes , Cell Signaling and Cell Receptors.
Author(s): Uttarakhand Open University, Department of Zoology, School of Sciences
Plant physiology is the science which is connected to the material and energy exchange, growth and development, as well as movement of plant. Plant physiology is the science that studies plant function: what is going on in plants that accounts for their being alive. The contents of this notes are as follows : Water and nutrients in plant, Production of primary and secondary metabolites, Physiology of plant growth and development, Physiology of plant growth and development, etc.
Author(s): Vince Ordog
Fundamentals of Plant Pathology Theory Notes
Plant Pathology deals with the cause, etiology, resulting losses and control or management of the plant diseases. The book contains contents as follows : Importance of plant diseases, scope and objectives of Plant Pathology, History of Plant Pathology with special reference to Indian work, Terms and concepts in Plant Pathology, Pathogenesis, classification of plant diseases, Causes of Plant Disease Biotic (fungi, bacteria, fastidious vesicular bacteria, Phytoplasmas, spiroplasmas, viruses, viroids, algae, protozoa, and nematodes ) and abiotic causes with examples of diseases caused by them, Study of phanerogamic plant parasites, Symptoms of plant diseases, Fungi: general characters, definition of fungus, somatic structures, types of fungal thalli, fungal tissues, modifications of thallus, Reproduction in fungi, Nomenclature, Binomial system of nomenclature, rules of nomenclature, Classification of fungi. Key to divisions, sub-divisions, orders and classes, Bacteria and mollicutes: general morphological characters, Basic methods of classification and reproduction in bacteria, Viruses: nature, architecture, multiplication and transmission, Nematodes: General morphology and reproduction, classification of nematode Symptoms and nature of damage caused by plant nematodes, Principles and methods of plant disease management, Nature, chemical combination, classification of fungicides and antibiotics, Mode of action and formulations of fungicides and antibiotics.
Author(s): Prof. Patil K.P., Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Pathology, K. K. Wagh College of Agriculture
Fundamentals of Plant Pathology by JNKVV
Plant Pathology is a branch of agricultural science that deals with the study of fungi, bacteria, viruses, nematodes, and other microbes that cause diseases of plants.The contents in this notes are as follows : Importance of Plant Disease, Scope and Objective of Plant Pathology, History of Plant Pathology with special reference to Indian work, Concepts and terms in Plant Pathology, Important Plant Pathogenic Organisms, Pathogenesis, Factors Affecting Disease Development, Disease Triangle and Tetrahedron, Classification of Plant Diseases, Abiotic Diseases and their management, General Characters of fungi, Bacteria and mollicutes, Phytoplasma ,Spiroplasma ,Nematode,Viroids and Algae, Virus, Phanerogamic plant parasites, Classification, Morphology and Symptoms caused by Plant parasitic nematodes, Dispersal and survival of the Plant pathogens, Pathogenesis-role of enzyme, toxin, growth regulators in disease development, Defense mechanism in plant, Epidemiology: Factor affecting disease development, Fungicides nature, chemical combinations and formulationsFungicides Classification and Their Mode of Action, Antibiotics.
Author(s): Department of Plant Pathology, JNKVV College of Agriculture, Tikamgarh
Medical Virology Lecture Note by Belay Tafa
Virology is a field within microbiology that encompasses the study of viruses. Medical virology deals with the study of medically important viruses and the diseases they cause or their effect on human beings.The notes contains contents as follows : Introduction to Virology, Baltimore system of classification, Viruses as Human Pathogen, RNA viruses, Polyomaviruses, Herpesviruses, Epstein - Barr virus, Hepadnaviruses: HBV and HDV, Hepatoviruses, Picornaviruses, Flavivirus, Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV), Family Reoviridae, Orthomyxoviruses, Clinical Course of Rabies, etc.
Author(s): Belay Tafa, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Medicine and Health Sciences, Ambo University
The contents of this lecture presentation include : Vaccines can prevent viral disease, Why are there so few antiviral drugs?, Antiviral history, Blind screening, Antiviral discovery today, The path of drug discovery, Mechanism-based screens, Cell-based screen, Antiviral screening, High throughput screening, Dangers of drug resistance, Mechanisms of drug resistance, Acyclovir mechanism of action, Improving acyclovir, Acyclovir-resistant HSV, Symmetrel, Influenza virus NA inhibitors, WIN compounds, Inhibitors of picornavirus uncoating, New HCV drugs, HCV new drug pipeline, Azido-deoxythymidine, AZT, Non-nucleoside RT inhibitors, IN inhibitors, Maraviroc: CCR5 inhibitor, Combination therapy, Mathematics of drug resistance, ART saves lives, Pre-exposure prophylaxis.
Author(s): Prof. Vincent Racaniello, Columbia University
The topics in this presentation are as follows : Introduction to Host-parasite Relationship, Reservoir, Zoonosis, Tuberculosis, Typhoid Fever, Rickettsial Zoonoses, Rickettsia Prowazekki, Coenozoic Era, Quaternary Period, Animal Distribution, Continuous Distribution, Discontinuous Distribution, Bipolar Distribution, Dispersals, Barrier, Continental Drift Theory, Sericulture, Pisciculture, Induced Breeding, Canning, Poultry, Establishment of Mulberry Plants, Breeds of Poultry, Cattle Breeds, Diseases in Cattle.
Author(s): Prof.Anilkumar, HOD of Zoology, SSCASC, Tumakuru
The pdf has contents in topics as follows : Lower Non-Chordate, Phylum Protozoa, Metazoa, Phylum Porifera, Phylum Coelentrata, Phylum Playtyhelminthes, Phylum Ascahelminhes, Phylum Annelida, Higher Non-Chordate, Phylum Arthropoda, Phylum Mollusca, Phylum Echinodermata.
Author(s): Uttarakhand Open University, Department of Zoology, School of Sciences