This note covers the following topics: Importance of infection control for respiratory infections, Hierarchy of controls to reduce risk of transmission of respiratory pathogens , Environmental controls, High-risk settings and TB laboratories.
Author(s): Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, India
This note covers the following topics: Aerosols and Aerosol-Acquired Disease, The aerobiologic pathway of communicable infectious disease, experimental aerobiological infection, Sample Efficiencies of Biological Threat Agents in Aerosol, Aerosol biophysical characteristics, particle generation methods for infectious agents, Optimization of particle distributions and Initial host-pathogen interaction.
Author(s): Chad J. Roy, Ph.D
We trust that this Handbook will benefit maximum number of farmers to make farming economically and environmentally more sustainable. The book contains six chapters, each focusing on a particular topic. Topics covered includes: General Conditions for Cultivation of Crops, Farm Management, Occupational Health and Safety, Farmer’s Access to Service.
Author(s): National Institute of Agricultural Extension, Ministry of Agriculture, India
This book intends to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the impact of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and automation examples in agriculture. Topics covered includes: The Fourth Industrial Revolution and Precision Agriculture, Trends of Engineering Systems Evolution and Agricultural Technology, Review of Variable-Rate Sprayer Applications Based on Real- Time Sensor Technologies, Robotic Harvesting of Fruiting Vegetables: A Simulation Approach in V-REP, ROS and MATLAB, Machine Vision Systems – A Tool for Automatic Color Analysis in Agriculture, Automation of Integrated System for Grain Beverages Processing, The Effect of Vermicompost and Other Fertilizers on the Growth and Productivity of Pepper Plants in Guyana.
Author(s): Stephan Hussmann
This note is intended to give a complete overview of the basics of Astrobiology, as well as some idea about future developments.
Author(s): Malcolm Fridlund, Leiden University
This book addresses important current and historical topics in astrobiology and the search for life beyond Earth, including the search for extraterrestrial intelligence.
Author(s): Douglas A. Vakoch
Names included in the approved List of Bacterial Names are the only names which are nomenclaturally valid as at the 1st January, 1980. Alphabetical arrangement under genera, species, and subspecies.
Author(s): VBD Skerman, Vicki McGowan, and PHA Sneath
The web contains many images of bacterias. The purpose of this page is to provide a central location to go to for images of pathogenic bacteria on the web.
Author(s): A.T. Still University
This note covers the following topics: Introduction to Biomaterials, Properties of Mechanical and Physico-chemical, Mechanical properties, Resorbability, biodegradation, Biofilm.
This note illustrates how knowledge and principles of biology, biochemistry, and engineering are integrated to create new products for societal benefit. It uses a case study format to examine recently developed products of pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries: how a product evolves from initial idea, through patents, testing, evaluation, production, and marketing.
The book focuses on spatial and temporal variation of biological assemblages in relation to landscape complexity and environmental change. This book is well illustrated with numerous maps, graphics, and photographs, and contains much new basic biogeographical information that is not available elsewhere. It will serve as an invaluable reference for professionals and members of the public interested in global biogeography, evolution, taxonomy, and conservation.
Author(s): Lawrence Stevens
This note covers the following topics: Biology and Hierarchies of Life, Physical Geography, hysical Environment: Light and Temperature, Moisture, Biological Interactions, Climate change, Communities and Biomes, Changing Climate, Changing Continents, Biodiversity.
Author(s): Dr. Jeffrey Hicke
This note explains the following topics: What is bioinformatics, Molecular biology primer, Biological words, Sequence assembly, Sequence alignment, Fast sequence alignment using FASTA and BLAST, Genome rearrangements, Motif finding, Phylogenetic trees and Gene expression analysis.
Author(s): Esa Pitkanen
This note introduces a wide range of bioinformatics tools and concepts for application in medical research. This note is data-centric and focuses on practical use but introduces a few basic theoretical issues too. Topics covered includes: Introduction to Data Formats, Genomic Sequence Alignment, Protein Sequence Alignment, Advanced BLAST , Motifs and Motif Finding, Motif Databases and Gene Finding, Multiple Alignment and Phylogeny, Protein Secondary Structure, Protein Tertiary (3D) Structure, Microarrays and Expression Data,The Human Genome Project, Probe Design and Gene Networks, Genetic Mapping.
Author(s): Israel Institute of Technology
This book focuses on experimental praxis and clinical findings. The first section is devoted to Injury and clinical biomechanics including overview of the biomechanics of musculoskeletal injury, distraction osteogenesis in mandible, or consequences of drilling. The next section is on Spine biomechanics with biomechanical models for upper limb after spinal cord injury and an animal model looking at changes occurring as a consequence of spinal cord injury. Section Musculoskeletal Biomechanics includes the chapter which is devoted to dynamical stability of lumbo-pelvi-femoral complex which involves analysis of relationship among appropriate anatomical structures in this region. The fourth section is on Human and Animal Biomechanics with contributions from foot biomechanics and chewing rhythms in mammals, or adaptations of bats.
Author(s): Vaclav Klika
The first section of the book, General notes on biomechanics and mechanobiology, comprises from theoretical contributions to Biomechanics often providing hypothesis or rationale for a given phenomenon that experiment or clinical study cannot provide. It deals with mechanical properties of living cells and tissues, mechanobiology of fracture healing or evolution of locomotor trends in extinct terrestrial giants. The second section, Biomechanical modelling, is devoted to the rapidly growing field of biomechanical models and modelling approaches to improve our understanding about processes in human body.
Author(s): Vaclav Klika
This note teaches the design of contemporary information systems for biological and medical data.
Author(s): Prof. C. Forbes Dewey, Prof. Hanry Yu, Prof. Sourav Saha Bhowmick
This book is intended to serve as a ready reference for learners of vocational higher secondary schools. Topics covered includes: Operation Theatre Equipment, Central Sterile Supply Department, Central Medical Gas Distribution System, Laboratory And Blood Bank Instruments, Dialysis Equipment, Therapeutic Equipments, Biomedical Waste Management, Major Equipments In Other Departments, Medical Imaging, Radiography, Ultrasonography, Modern Equipment In Medical Imaging.
Author(s): State Council of Educational Research and Training, Kerala
This book reports on current research to improve the safety and nutrition of these foods through an elucidation of the microorganisms and mechanisms involved in their production. Also included are recommendations for needed research. In developing countries, traditional fermentation serves many purposes. It can improve the taste of an otherwise bland food, enhance the digestibility of a food that is difficult to assimilate, preserve food from degradation by noxious organisms, and increase nutritional value through the synthesis of essential amino acids and vitamins.
Author(s): National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S
Microalgal Biotechnology presents an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the microalgae-based processes and products. Divided into 10 discreet chapters, the book covers topics on applied technology of microalgae. Microalgal Biotechnology provides an insight into future developments in each field and extensive bibliography.
Author(s): Eduardo Jacob-Lopes
Jane Loudon, the Mrs Beeton of the Victorian gardening world, wrote several popular books on horticulture and botany specifically for women. In the 18th century, botany books were mostly written for a female audience. Women were encouraged to study botany as it was considered to be an acceptable activity for women.
Author(s): Jane Loudon
This note covers the following topics: Plant Kingdom, Vegetative Parts of Plants, Flowers, Inflorescences and Fruits, Phylogenetic Analysis, Recognition, Identification, Names, Gymnosperms, Angiosperm Origins, Magnoliids, Monocots, Basal Eudicots, Caryophyllales, Systematics Resources, Rosids - Fabids and Malvids, Plant Speciation, Basal asterids and Lamiids, Asterids - Campanulids, Molecular Systematics, Classification and Nomenclature.
Author(s): Lowa State University
The book covers a wide range of issues related to new developments and innovations in cell-based therapies discussed in basic and clinical chapters from authors around the world involved in stem cell studies and research. It thereby complements and extends the basic coverage of stem cells, such as mesenchymal stem cells, effect of stem cells on aging, cover hematopoietic stem cells, storage and cryopreservation, issues related to clinical applications such as haploidentical transplants and use of stem cells for the treatment of Huntingtons disease.
Author(s): Taner Demirer
This book is a very comprehensive text for understanding cell biology. Topics covered includes: Details of Protein Structure, Bioenergetics, Enzyme Catalysis and Kinetics, Glycolysis, the Krebs Cycle and the Atkins Diet, Electron Transport, Oxidative Phosphorylation and Photosynthesis, DNA Structure, Chromosomes and Chromatin, Details of DNA Replication and DNA Repair, Transcription and RNA Processing, The Genetic Code and Translation, Regulation of Transcription and Epigenetic Inheritance, Post-Transcriptional Regulation of Gene Expression, Repetitive DNA, A Eukaryotic Genomic Phenomenon, DNA Technologies, Membrane Structure, Membrane Function, The Cytoskeleton and Cell Motility, Cell Division and the Cell Cycle, The Origins of Life.
Author(s): Gerald Bergtrom, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
This book is concerned with a discussion of the basic facts, concepts, and problems of cellular biology. The authors have provided a general picture of the field, the details of which may be filled in by reference to the many fine sources available. Topics covered includes: Cells and Cellular Organization, Proteins, Nucleic Acids, Lipids, Carbohydrates, Inorganic Constituents, Structure and Function of Cytoplasmic, Endoplasmic Reticidum, Microsomes, Cytoplasmic Matrix, Cell Membrane, Vacuoles, Structure and Function of the Nucleus, Nuclear Envelope, Chromomeres, Mechanics and Physiology of Cell Division, The Chromosome Coiling Cycle, Cytogenetics, Radiation Cytology, Survey of Cytological Techniques.
Author(s): Wilson G. B.and Morrison John H
This note provides an introduction to the structure of eukaryotic genomes, from the level of the chromosome down to the level of the gene. Basic cytological techniques including the use of the optical microscope will be covered and supported by laboratory exercises. Also includes the application of cytogenetic and molecular techniques in the study of cell division, karyotyping, chromosomal structure, recombination, changes in chromosome number and structure, physical mapping and chromosome evolution.
Author(s): Dr. Brian Fristensky
This note covers the following topics: Introduction, History and Basic Concepts of Animal Developmental Biology, Genes and Development, Reproductive and therapeutic cloning, Fertilization and Sex, Cell Adhesion and Cleavage, Gastrulation, Axis Specification in Drosophila: Maternal Genes, Limb Development, Nervous system development.
Author(s): M. Bastiani, University of Utah
Developmental biology is the study of the process by which animals and plants grow and develop. This note explains the encompasses the biology of regeneration, asexual reproduction and metamorphosis and the growth and differentiation of stem cells in the adult organism.
Author(s): University of California
This note provides an introduction to microbial methods applicable to the study of ecosystems. Topics covered includes: Bacterial Abundance, Bacterial Production, Extracellular Enzyme Assays, Microbial Biogeochemistry: Metabolism in Winogradsky columns, Microbial Food Webs: Bacteria-phytoplankton competition, Flagellate and ciliate grazing on bacteria, Molecular Techniques.
Author(s): Joe Vallino and Kristin Gribble
This note covers the following topics: Microbes and Ecological Theory, Micro-organism in Ecosystem, Physiological, Morphological and Genetic adaptations of Microorganism to their Environments, Bioconversion and Microbial Interactions.
Author(s): Ejeikwu Emmanuel Oloja
The subject matter in this book should attract the reader's concern to support rational decisions regarding the use of pesticides. This book is compiled of 24 Chapters divided into 4 Sections. Section A focuses on toxicity of organic and inorganic insecticides, Section B is dedicated to vector control using insecticides, biological control of mosquito larvae, Section C describes bioactive natural products from sapindacea, management of potato pests, flower thrips, mango mealy bug, pear psylla and grapes pests, Section D provides information on insecticide resistance in natural population of malaria vector, role of Anopheles gambiae P450 cytochrome, genetic toxicological profile of carbofuran and pirimicarp carbamic insecticides, etc.
Author(s): Farzana Khan Perveen
This note provides an introduction to the biology and identification of insects and an introduction to insect pest management. Emphasis is placed on the application of entomology in agriculture, horticulture, forestry, and everyday life.
Author(s): University of Illinois
Charles Robert Darwin was an English naturalist and geologist best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. Darwin's book introduced the scientific theory that populations evolve over the course of generations through a process of natural selection.
Author(s): Charles Darwin
This book is to be of use to those who have had no special biological training, as well as to students who have taken biology graduate course.
Author(s): Arthur Dendy
This note covers the following topics: Taxonomy, Origins, Anatomy, Reproduction, Monotremes and marsupials, Three mostly African orders, Three more mostly African orders, Five miscellaneous orders, Primates, Rodents, Rabbits, Insectivores, Bats, Carnivores, Perissodactyla, Artiodactyla, Cetaceans, Temperature regulation, cholocationn and Conservation.
Author(s): Arndt F. Laemmerzahl
This note covers the following topics: Homeothermy, Mesozoic , Cenozoic , Reproduction, Mating systems, Sociality, Olfactory communication, Digestive systems, Trophic Ecology and , Physiological Ecology, Physiological Ecology , Mammal Conservation, skull diagrams, Teeth, Skeleton, Integument and Cephalic Appendages, Mammals of Illinois, Ecomorphology, Monotremes and Metatherians, Xenarthrans, Carnivora, Afrotheria, Cetaceans, Rodentia.
Author(s): Professor Edward J. Heske
This is the third edition of a book that was initiated with the annotation of the function of all the genes in the most commonly studied baculovirus, AcMNPV. The second and third editions involved the update of this information and its integration into chapters covering the major processes central to the replication and pathology of baculoviruses. Topics including taxonomy, the application of baculoviruses as insecticides, the molecular basis for the remarkable ability of these viruses to express genes at high levels, and the interrelationships of baculovirus and transposable elements are also covered.
Author(s): George F Rohrmann
This book gives a comprehensive overview of recent advances in Retrovirology, as well as general concepts of molecular biology of retroviral infections, immunopathology, diagnosis, and prevention, to current clinical recommendations in management of retroviruses, including endogenous retroviruses, highlighting the ongoing issues, recent advances, with future directions in diagnostic approaches and therapeutic strategies.
Author(s): Shailendra K. Saxena
In this book, we discuss the changing medical and public profile of fungal infections in the period 1850–2000. We consider four sets of diseases: ringworm and athlete’s foot; thrush or candidiasis ; endemic, geographically specific infections in North America and mycotoxins; and aspergillosis.
Author(s): Aya Homei and Michael Worboys
This note covers the following topics: Superficial Mycoses, Deep Mycoses, Mixed Mycoses, Subcutaneous mycoses , Mycologists and clinicians, Common tropical subcutaneous mycoses, Signs, symptoms, diagnostic methods, therapy, Identify the causative agent and Adequate treatment.
Author(s): Government Medical College Hospital, Chandigarh
Douglas Dewar was a barrister, British civil servant in India and an ornithologist. Topics covered includes: Birds Of The Himalayas, The Habitat Of Himalayan Birds, The Common Birds Of The Western Himalayas, The Common Birds Of The Eastern Himalayas Tits At Work, The Pekin-robin, Black Bulbuls, A Warbler Of Distinction, The Spotted Forktail, The Nest Of The Grey-winged Ouzel, The Black-and-yellow Grosbeak, The Great Himalayan Barbet, The Common Birds Of The Nilgiris and The Common Birds Of The Palni Hills.
Author(s): Douglas Dewar
This website is designed to serve as an online bird book. For ease of comparison, there are many species of birds on a web page. There are also links to similar birds that further help to compare species.
Web Atlas of Medical Parasitology aims to provide educational materials for medical students primarily, but professional workers in medical or paramedical fields may also refer to this site covering the significant parasites in the world.
Author(s): The Korean Society for Parasitology
Parasites are still an important threat to our global health and economy, and represent an important branch of infectious diseases. This note is designed to provide students of microbiology and biology with a basic understanding of classical and modern parasitology.
Author(s): Dr. Michele M. Klingbeil
Objective of this book is to provide light micrographs of the types of cells and tissues that students typically examine in a plant anatomy course. All micrographs are accompanied by figure legends to help the viewer interpret and understand the structures presented. Each chapter in this web site consists of numerous pages, each with a micrograph and an explanatory text.
Author(s): James D. Mauseth
One class embraces the functions relating to the life of the individual organism. These functions have to do with the processes of eating, digesting, assimilating, taking in of oxygen, producing of energy, and excreting of waste matters. These may be called the nutritive functions, if the term is used in its broadest sense. To the second group of activities belong the functions that have to do with the perpetuation of the animal or plant species, and these are known as the reproductive functions. Living organisms, whether plant, animal, or human, may, in the third place, be considered in their relations to one another and especially to the general welfare of mankind. Thus we may discuss the beneficial or injurious effects, so far as man is concerned, of different kinds of insects or of various types of bacteria; we may learn of the activities of individual men or of groups of individuals which promote or retard the advance of human society; or we might, if we were to carry the study still farther, even seek to learn the ways by which the higher thoughts of mankind, as expressed in poetry, music, and religion, affect the development of the human race.
Author(s): James Edward Peabody and Arthur Ellsworth Hunt
This note lists plant host, disease common name, scientific name, and disease type for pests included in this Web site. Click on the common name to link to more information about the disease.
Author(s): University of California
This book is specially written for researchers at various levels, for example, in forestry, agriculture, industry, university and college laboratories. It describes the fungal pathogenicity, resistance behavior of fungal biofilms and its mechanisms, different categories of fungal infection and colonization patterns with example relevant to soybean, characteristics of white rob of corncob and head smut of maize such as cycle, pathogenicity factors, control methods, the abilities of chitosan and its derivatives to elicit resistance reactions in plants and its action in the production and viability of fungal spores, and the mode of actions of single constituents of different essential oils depending on different case studies.
Author(s): Sadia Sultan
The purpose of this web resource is to provide fundamental concepts for managing nutrients in tropical soils and container crop production. Topics covered includes: Soil composition, Soil profile Factors that cause differences in soil behavior and performance, Goals of Modern Nutrient Management, Soil-Nutrient Relationships, Soil Acidity and Liming, Essential Nutrients, Soil Fertility Evaluation, Fertilizer Material, Fertilizer Placement.
Author(s): The University of Hawai
This note covers the following topics: Soil Physical Properties, Soil-water potential- concepts and measurement, Saturated water flow, Water flow in unsaturated soils, Field soil water regime, Solute movement, Gas flow, Heat transfer, Spatial and temporal variability of soil physical properties.
Author(s): UC Davis
This note covers the following topics: Basic Quantum Mechanics, UV absorption, Fluorescence, Circular Dichroism, IR/Raman, Intro Proteins, NMR, Solid State NMR, Single molecule, Protein-DNA Interactions, Calorimitry, X-ray, Electron Microscopy, Mass Spectrometry.
Author(s): University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
This note covers the following topics: Structural Biology and Amino acids, History of Macromolecular Crystallography, Amino acid Chirality, Non-covalent interactions and Ramachandran Map, Secondary structures; Introduction to Protein , Alpha-domain proteins I: Coiled coils and four-helix bundle, ROP protein design, Alpha-domain proteins II: Large alpha-helical domain and globin fold, Alpha or Beta-domain proteins, Beta-domain proteins.
Author(s): Dr. R. Sankararamakrishnan
This note explains the following topics: Central Nervous System Viruses, Gastrointestinal Tract Viruses, Immune System versus Viruses, Respiratory Viruses, ViralMichigan State University
Author(s): Dr Paul Young and Dr Theo Sloots
This note explains the following topics: structure, classification, repliation and viral interference, Group V viruses, Negative sense single stranded RNA viruses, Morbilli virus, Orthomyxo viruses, Equine flu, nature of the virus, disease and its pathogenesis, diagnosis and various lab tests, vaccines, Zoonotic potential, Impacts of swine flu, Negative sense RNA viruses, morphology and the nature of the virus.
Author(s): Anand Agricultural University
This note covers an area of zoology that deals with the study of higher invertebrate groups. Topics covered includes: Body cavities of invertebrates, Phylum Annelida, Phylum Mollusca, Coelomate Invertebrates, Phylum Arthropoda and Phylum Echinodermata.
Author(s): Professor Thelma O. L. AkenOva
This note aims at providing an understanding of the established facts underlying the management and operation of livestock production with a view to inculcating appropriate technical skills in students to enable them increase production, improve productivity and cope with challenges arising there from. Topics covered includes: An Overview of Animal Production: Concepts, Roles, Constraints and Strategies, Effects of the Tropical Environment on Animal Production, Adaptation and Acclimatisation as Means of Coping with Environmental Stress, Systems of Livestock Production, Principles and Techniques in Livestock Breeding.
Author(s): National Open University of Nigeria